The livestock sub-sector in Cambodia has great potential for growth due to the country’s increasing meat consumption brought about by urbanization and its fast growing population. The development of Cambodia’s livestock industry could greatly contribute towards poverty reduction and food security by supporting the livelihood of poor people in many ways for cash income, food, draft power, energy, and organic fertilizer, among others. In addition, livestock serves as a key component of poor people’s livelihood strategies, serving as assets, instruments of insurance and savings. The livestock subsector, thus, has considerable potential depending on how effectively Cambodia is able to improve the efficiency and competitiveness of its livestock industry.
The major constraints of the livestock industry in Cambodia include the high costs of local production, lack of access to quality breeding stock, endemic diseases, insufficient domestic production base of commercial feed, importation of additives, medicines and vaccines, poor animal husbandry management, lack of capacity in processing livestock by-products, poor infrastructures and arrangements and market volatility.
It is within this background and context that the General Directorate of Animal Health and Production (GDAHP) has undertaken to develop the “Strategic Planning Framework for Livestock Development: 2016 – 2025. The strategic planning activities undertaken include the review of literatures, individual interviews, workshops and consultation meetings with different stakeholders.
Strategic Issues: The strategic planning identified strategic issues affecting the Cambodian livestock sub-sector during the next ten years. These include issues related to animal production, animal health, expanding markets, food safety and public health, poverty alleviation and food security, role of the private sector, farmer groups/ associations, the Village Animal Health Workers (VAHWs), the regional economic integration and important cross cutting issues such as gender and climate change.
The GDAHP vision, mission and goal statements were formulated during the strategic planning process in alignment with a long term vision of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries as follows:
Sustainable livestock development ensures food security, food safety, and profitable trade and contributes to national socio-economic growth.
Promote good animal health and production practices through effective human resource development, research and extension, policy development and law enforcement, public-private partnerships and communication.
To strengthen animal health and production services that will reduce the impact of animal diseases, increase animal production, and enhance safe trade. Through discussions and consultations with the stakeholders, the eight (8) strategic planning objectives were developed as indicated below:
The activities and related sub-activities have been identified and prioritized to effectively achieve the eight (8) objectives of the strategic plan. The two major approaches toward effective implementation of the livestock sub-sector development are strengthening support for the growth of the smallholder producers and the development of the commercial production scheme. The “Strategic Planning Framework for Livestock Development: 2016 – 2025” is summarized and synthesized into a logical framework which includes the indicators, milestones, risks and mitigating factors affecting the implementation of the ten year strategic plan.
Risks and Mitigation Strategy
The potential risk factors that will greatly affect the livestock sub-sector development include the outbreak of infectious animal diseases and natural disasters could also affect the impact of livestock development program. This problem could be mitigated with the implementation of coping strategies related to effective intervention to outbreak of diseases as well as disaster risk management which are already included in the program implementation strategy.
For successful implementation as well as to fully achieve the goal and objectives with great impacts of the strategic planning framework, technical and financial inputs and facilities from different sources including Government, Development Partners, NGOs, private sectors etc. will be required.
Monitoring and Evaluation
A monitoring and evaluation tool and systems for the implementation of the “Strategic Planning Framework for Livestock Development: 2016 – 2025” are developed with simple and reliable performance indicators to measure progress and impact of activities towards achieving the goals, guide policy and decision making, inform priorities, and manage resources.